Element Oddities: 11 Confusing Chemical Symbols Explained
- May 17, 2021
- Posted by: skillkafe
- Category: app
The majority of the chemical symbols for elements within the table that is periodic sense; you will find a tiny selection, nonetheless, that seem to bear no reference to their elementвЂ™s title. A few days ago, questions about these elements came up, so hereвЂ™s a look at their confusing symbols, along with the reasons behind them after the periodic table of rejected element names.
Sodium вЂ“ Natrium (Na)
SodiumвЂ™s Latin name, вЂnatriumвЂ™, derives through the Greek вЂnГtronвЂ™ (a title for salt carbonate). Its initial supply will be the work вЂnatrunвЂ™ that is arabic. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium in the place of salt, also itвЂ™s this title that its chemical expression, Na, originates from.
Potassium вЂ“ Kalium (K)
вЂKaliumвЂ™ is potassiumвЂ™s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic вЂal qal Д« yвЂ™, meaning вЂњcalcined ashesвЂќ (the ashes remaining whenever plant product is burned). Much like salt, an amount of contemporary languages nevertheless relate to potassium as kalium, and also the title lends the element its chemical icon, K.
Iron вЂ“ Ferrum (Fe)
IronвЂ™s Latin title, вЂferrumвЂ™, provides it its expression Fe; it simply means вЂironвЂswordвЂ™ orвЂ™, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is famous by an array of different names in various languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 different names for it. ThereвЂ™s an inventory of 213 of these right here.
Copper вЂ“ Cuprum (Cu)
ThereвЂ™s no shortage of elements known as after places, but copperвЂ™s title is more subdued than many. CopperвЂ™s Latin title was вЂcypriumвЂ™, which it self arises from вЂkyprosвЂ™, the Greek title for Cyprus. The area of Cyprus ended up being famous hundreds of years ago for the copper reserves. The title ended up being sooner or later simplified to вЂcuprumвЂ™, and Chatrandom dating also this sooner or later morphed in to the English variation, copper.
Silver вЂ“ Argentum (Ag)
The Latin title for silver, вЂargentumвЂ™, is thought to derive initially from A indo-european language, most most likely referring into the metalвЂ™s shininess. The nation Argentina is termed after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the the RГo de la Plata) and it is the only nation to be known as after having a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.
Tin вЂ“ Stannum (Sn)
TinвЂ™s Latin title, вЂstannumвЂ™, might be produced from the Indo-European вЂstagвЂ™ (dripping) because tin melts at a temperature that is low. ThereвЂ™s also speculation it may be produced by the Cornish вЂsteanвЂ™ because of CornwallвЂ™s tin that is famous, though likewise, other people declare that this term is simply based on the Latin.
Antimony вЂ“ Stibium (Sb)
The Latin вЂstibiumвЂ™ derives through the Greek word вЂstГbiвЂ™, meaning attention paint, talking about the employment of antimony substances as an eye cosmetic that is ancient. This term is with in turn likely based on Arabic or Egyptian. Few countries relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its icon.
Tungsten Wolfram that is)
Wolfram had been known as following the mineral it had been present in, wolframite. This will be from theвЂwolf that is german, or вЂwolfвЂ™s foamвЂ™, discussing the actual quantity of tin вЂeatenвЂ™ by the steel during its removal. Wolfram continues to be utilized in several languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock вЂ“ significantly apt, because itвЂ™s the 7th element that is densest into the regular dining table.
Silver вЂ“ Aurum (Au)
The Latin title for gold had been вЂaurumвЂ™, meaning вЂyellowвЂ™, derived through the word вЂauroraвЂ™ (вЂdawnвЂ™). The name вЂgoldвЂ™, used in Germanic languages, means вЂyellow, shining metalвЂ™; other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.
Mercury вЂ“ Hydrargyrum (Hg)
MercuryвЂ™s initial Latin title was actually вЂargentum vivumвЂ™ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed through the Greek вЂhydrargyrosвЂ™ (fluid silver) to provide вЂhydrargyrumвЂ™. The initial English title for the element was вЂquicksilverвЂ™. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and as a result of this they known as it Mercury, following the earth closest to your Sun. A few of the other metals understood since antiquity received names corresponding towards the planets, too, but MercuryвЂ™s is alone thatвЂ™s stuck.
Lead вЂ“ Plumbum
LeadвЂ™s Latin title, вЂplumbumвЂ™, most most likely originally derives from a language pre-dating Ancient Greek. This Latin name normally the foundation regarding the English words вЂplumbingвЂ™ and вЂplumberвЂ™, because of the historic utilization of lead in water pipelines.
References & Further Reading